- Generalized anxiety disorder is a type of anxiety disorder in which a person I always in a state of fear and has negative thoughts about themselves and their possessions, always thinking negatively.
- When there is a sudden intense feeling of dread and fear, it is called a panic disorder.
- Phobias from different things are also characterized as an anxiety disorder.
- When people engage in persistent and uncontrollable feelings and routines or rituals in which individuals try to prevent or rid themselves of these thoughts is characterized as Obsessive-Compulsive disorder.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder ensues when somebody has been through a serious natural disaster or accident which causes the them to suffer from intense physical and emotional shock.
Anxiety disorder demand treatment, because if they are left untreated they can cause other severe consequences.
Anxiety disorders can be dealt with successfully by trained mental health professionals, such as clinical psychologists and registered psychologists. A form of psychotherapy, known as Cognitive behavioural Therapy (CBT), is proven by research to be highly effective in treatment of Anxiety disorders. With CBT psychologists help patients identify and manage the issues that cause them anxiety. Psychologists are well trained to treat people with anxiety using evidence based proven treatment options such as CBT.
CBT aims at identifying and correcting cognitive distortions to reduce or stop the inappropriate behaviours associated with these disorders. Another approach called diaphragmatic breathing involves training of patients to relax and take deep breaths to counteract the tension and rapid shallow breathing that comes with anxiety disorders.
CBT helps patient to learn to understand how to change their thought patterns to reduce the occurrence and intensity of reactions, because thoughts mainly are the cause of symptoms of anxiety disorders. Increased cognitive awareness combined with techniques of changing behaviour helps an individual affected by anxiety to progressively challenge and cope with anxious situations in a safe environment.
Psychotherapy helps a great deal in treatment of anxiety disorders but sometimes it becomes necessary to use medications. In these situations, patient should be managed in collaboration by an inter-disciplinary team of mental health professionals. Patient needs to realize that drugs that treat anxiety comes with some serious side-effects, which must be closely and carefully monitored by the mental health professional who prescribed the drugs.
Psychologists sometimes also use a different but similarly effective approach to treat anxiety related disorders, such as group psychotherapy. As the name suggests, group psychotherapy involves individuals who are not related by any relations but are suffering from same kind of mental illness. This is an effective approach to deliver treatment and provide support. Just like this a family can help a great deal in the treatment too by trying to better understand their loved one’s anxiety and finding new ways to interact with the person suffering from the disorders which will help to reduce the anxiety rather than reinforcing anxiety and associated dysfunctional behaviours. This approach which involves the help of family members is called family psychotherapy.
So to summarise anxiety disorders come in different forms such as phobias, fears, obsessions and in different behavioural symptoms. Treatment for anxiety could be through cognitive behavioural therapy, breathing and relaxation techniques, group psychotherapy and family therapy.
If you suffer from any of these symptoms or traits, remember you are not alone and treatment is always available to relieve you from your misery.